While they are very sociable and independent, they are loyal and protective
Popularly known as “sausage”, the Dachshund (or teckel) breed is very famous worldwide. Its origin is still uncertain, although references to a dog with similar characteristics to the Dachshund were found in ancient Egypt. But first, it was in Germany that this friendly puppy gained space in the Middle Ages. Its structure was perfect to reach the animals in their dens, mainly foxes and badgers, so in some regions it got the nickname “badger”.
Dachshunds have two sizes and three types of hair, but the oldest is the short-haired Dachshund, he was the one who gave rise to the other styles by crossing with other breeds such as Schnauzers and Spaniels. Around 1800 the breed started to take care of homes as a companion dog, especially for royalty.
In 1885 they arrived in the USA and were officially registered as a breed by the Kennel Club. These little lengths lost space during the First World War because they were associated with the Germans. As a result, Dachshund owners were considered traitors and the poor puppies were even beaten. It was around 1950 that they came back on top and the teckel became the most popular breed within American homes.
The height varies from
20 to 22 cm
Weight varies from
3 to 9 kg
There’s sausage to please everyone! The Dachshund breed can be found with short, long and hard (wire) hair. The short-haired Dachshund is the oldest, with a shiny and dense coat. The hard hair is also dense and short with undercoats. The long hairs are shiny, silky and a little wavy. The coat can be unicolor, bicolor or even all spotted (which takes the name of harlequin), but the basic color is always black, red or gray.
If on the one hand the Dachshund’s anatomy is excellent for some activities, this also causes this breed to be predisposed to some diseases, mainly involving the spine. The short legs and the elongated spine suffer much more from the pressure caused by high impact movements such as going down and up stairs or even furniture considered low, such as the sofa.
Use ramps so that the animal has easy access to higher places and this should always be used. He will have to be trained to learn that he should only go up or down through that specific place, but this will be of great importance to preserve the pet’s health. Especially when you start to enter old age, it is very common the appearance of herniated discs, which cause a lot of pain and require treatment for the rest of your life – being indicated even surgery in some cases.
Also as a means of preserving the health of the sausage column, the weight must be strictly controlled. Even a small increase in weight causes the spine to be under more pressure which can lead to greater problems. Even so they are very active and playful puppies, they love to socialize and dig! As much as physical activity is essential, it should not be exaggerated.
They can be small, but inside a teckel it fits a lot of feeling at once. They are electric, they love to play and run (and dig, don’t forget). While they are very sociable and independent, they are loyal and protective. Despite not being aggressive, he is very alert and is always ready to call the attention of his human in case something unusual appears in front of him.
In the book The Intelligence of Dogs by Stanley Coren, the Dachshund occupies the 49th position. As you can see he is a very perceptive puppy and learns fast, the problem is in stubbornness. His agitation and strong personality makes it a little more work to train this puppy. Begin training as soon as he is a puppy. Regular exercises and frequent play will also make the daredevil’s energy more balanced, making him more obedient and centered.
The Dachshund has an average life expectancy between 12 and 15 years.
Any excess that overloads the spine must be avoided during the Dachshund’s life. Feeding should be closely monitored and assisted by a veterinarian so that the animal is receiving all the necessary nutrients, but without leading to weight gain. Regular exercise helps keep you healthy.
This breed is also characterized by the ear that is drooping. It is very common in dogs that have the same type of ear shape that they have earaches and the proliferation of fungi, since the ears are stuffy. To avoid this type of problem, just maintain regular hygiene in that region, always with cotton and the use of special products for cleaning.
Dachshund is a German word that characterizes the origin of this puppy very well: “dachs” means badger and “hund” means dog. The first Olympics to adopt a mascot was Munich in 1972, and the chosen one for that was a Dachshund! Waldi, as he was called, was a great success! The breed became famous in Europe thanks to Queen Victoria, from England, who was in love with them.