All about your Pug

Companion dog is what best defines Pugs

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This breed is one of the oldest in existence. Evidence of dogs very similar to the Pug dating from 1700 BC was found! However, its origin is not completely certain. There are theories that the Pug arose from the crossing of several other breeds such as the Pekingese or the French Mastiff. What is certain is that the Pugs appeared somewhere in China and were dogs belonging to royalty. These puppies were taken to Holland and from there they reached other European countries where they received different names. In France they were known as “Carlin”, in Spain as “Dugollo”, in Germany they were “Mops” and in Italy they were called “Caganlino”. Pugs arrived in the USA after the Civil War and were recognized as an official breed by the Kennel Club in 1885.


The height varies from

20 to 30 cm


Weight varies from

6 to 8 kg


The Pug’s hair is very short, fine and soft. The colors of the breed are: silver, apricot, fawn and black. Having the snout and black ears is also part of the characteristics of the Pug’s coat. They shed a lot of hair throughout the year, so daily brushing helps remove dead hair and prevent it from falling out and spreading throughout the house. You can use a specific glove for pets if the task is not so satisfactory with the use of a regular brush.


The Pug’s anatomy is not very favorable for your health, so he needs a lot of care and close monitoring. The wrinkles, so characteristic of this dog, need special attention – since they are conducive to the proliferation of fungi and bacteria, so it is always necessary to clean them with a dry cloth, wet wipe for dogs or with specific products indicated by a doctor vet.

Another very important health issue for Pugs is related to the difficulty of this animal to exchange heat with the environment. Dogs use their breath (the most panting, you know?) to exchange heat and keep their body temperature balanced. As the Pugs have a very flat nose, this action is more difficult – which makes them suffer too much with high temperatures, having great chances of developing a hyperthermia, which can lead to death. For this reason, more than double attention is necessary, keeping these animals always in fresh and airy environments. They also need eye care (which is more bulky), may have allergies and need a well-balanced diet to control their weight and prevent obesity, which is one of the breed’s tendencies.


Companion dog is what best defines the Pug. They are extremely attached to their tutors and very sociable with everyone. Although they are sometimes lazy and do not like physical activities so much, they are quite playful and cheerful. They love to be held! Like most dogs, it needs to be socialized from a puppy so that it gets along with other animals and children, for example, but pugs, in general, do not usually present behavioral problems in this sense. For these characteristics, it is a puppy that adapts well in apartments and smaller spaces, as long as they are always fresh! They usually receive everyone with great receptivity and enthusiasm, even those who do not know them well.


The Pug is an intelligent dog, but somewhat stubborn. Its placement in the book The Intelligence of Dogs by Stanley Coren is number 57, which shows that the Pug does not need so many repetitions to learn a command, but it needs that they are always practiced. As he is very loyal to the family, it is always worth reinforcing the commands so that the pet does not end up dominating the house. They like to please and do everything to see their humans happy.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of a Pug dog is 12 to 16 years.

Medical Care

The Pug needs veterinary medical care more often than other breeds and needs frequent brushing of its coat, something not as common for dogs with fur as theirs. Physical exercises should be moderate, short walks at cooler times of the day are recommended. However, they are important for the health of the animal, both for the question of weight, and for reasons of socialization and stimulation – since they usually spend most of the time indoors.


Being one of the oldest breeds allowed the Pug to participate in several remarkable moments in history. Empress Josephine Bonaparte, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, had a Pug that was his passion, he was called Fortune (fortune, in Portuguese). At the time the Empress was imprisoned, Fortune was the only one who could visit her, so Josephine put hidden messages on the dog’s collar so she could communicate with her family.

The cute little Pugs lines have more meaning than you think. Back in China, the breeders were molding the breed so that the lines on the dog’s forehead formed (or came close to forming) the Chinese character referring to the word “prince”.

Exophthalmos is very common in dogs with short snouts, as is the case with Pekingese and Pug. In this condition, the animal’s eyes may bounce / leave the eye socket. This is due to major complications or some pressure that the animal makes, such as forcing the collar, for example. If this happens you do not need to despair, but you must take the animal to the veterinarian quickly to treat and check that there was no major damage. Most of the time, it is reversible.

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