Otitis is an inflammation of the ear, somewhat common in dogs. The most affected dog breeds are those with long ears, such as Cocker Spaniel, American Cocker, Basset Hound and Golden Retriever.
It can occur in one or both ears. It is classified according to its location, and can be external or internal.
What causes Otitis in Dogs?
Due to the particularities of the anatomy and physiology of the animal ear, the accumulation of cerumen is common and can cause inflammation in the ears. Incorrect hygiene, the use of inappropriate products, the accumulation of water after bathing, humidity and high ambient temperatures, traumas and even the presence of mites, fungi and bacteria can cause inflammation of the inner and outer ear.
The symptoms are:
- constant itching, causing wounds;
- head shake frequently;
- maintenance of a crooked head, indicating discomfort;
- presentation of secretion in the ear canal, with excess wax;
- strong bad smell in the ears area;
- increased ear thickness (Otohematoma);
- loss of hair on the ears or around;
- loss of balance;
- walking in circles;
- depression or irritability.
How to Cure Otitis in Dogs?
When you notice any of these symptoms, take your pet to the Veterinarian for an evaluation.
The veterinarian will examine the animal’s ear canal to check for inflammation and to check for any foreign objects. If this possibility is ruled out, he will be able to take samples of wax to check for the presence of fungi, mites and bacteria.
If not, it is common for them to order other tests to identify the cause of the ear infection. This is important, because the treatment must be specific to be effective, depending on the source of the problem.
It is worth mentioning that if otitis is treated in time, affecting only the external area of the ear (external otitis), the prognosis will be favorable. However, if the disease has reached the middle or inner ear, the prognosis can be reserved, with the possibility of loss of hearing capacity, if there is no veterinary intervention.
Otitis is something that can be avoided and, when present, can be prevented so that it does not reach more serious stages, causing pain and discomfort in the animal. Therefore, as soon as the animal shows the first signs of the disease, do not waste time and take him to a consultation with the Veterinarian.